Depression in Adults
Depression is a common mental heath condition characterized by changes in mood, behavior, and functioning that persist for at least several weeks and cause difficulties in functioning. For men and women this might mean difficulties at work, social withdrawal and/or conflict, or difficulties with self-care. Depression is more than simply being in a bad mood, feeling sad, or having a negative attitude and includes other significant psychological, biological, and behavioral changes.
Signs of Depression in Adults
Frequent Mood Swings
Change in Appetite
Loss of Energy or Fatigue
Job Performance Difficulties
Thoughts of Death or Suicide
Depression Treatment for Adults
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the most researched and scientifically proven psychotherapy for treating depression in adults. CBT is a very practical and easy to understand treatment approach that emphasizes the here-and-now and the development of effective coping skills and strategies. In adults, emphasis is placed on both behavior change, as well as, the development of insight into an individual’s presenting issues.
Psychotherapy (i.e., talk or behavioral therapy) is an effective treatment for depression in adults for mild to moderate depression. For more severe cases of depression a combination of medication and psychotherapy is typically recommended.
Certain medications (i.e., SSRIs) are commonly used to treat depression in adults. Medication has proven to be an effective treatment for severe depression but research suggests that for mild to moderate depression medication may have little to no benefit over placebo. At Mindly, we strive to help people make well-informed decisions regarding their treatment options.
Behavioral Activation (BA) is a form of behavioral therapy that focuses primarily on behavior and the environmental context of that behavior in understanding and intervening in an individual’s experience (e.g., depression). While BA has nearly always been considered to be an essential component of cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of depression, more recent evidence suggests that BA alone is quite effective in alleviating depressive symptoms.