Anxiety in Men & Women

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Adult Anxiety

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Anxiety is probably the most common mental heath issue faced by men and women. Everybody experiences anxiety to a certain degree and most of the time anxiety can be a normal response to a threatening situation. In this sense, anxiety is like a built-in alarm system that alerts us to potential threats. During periods of heightened stress, a person’s flight-or-fight system (i.e., autonomic nervous system) becomes activated which prepares our body to respond to a perceived challenge or threat. Worry, the mental process at the core of anxiety, keeps this flight-or-flight system stuck in the “on” position. When this system is on for too long it can have significant psychological, emotional, and physical symptoms and can even weaken our immune system. Anxiety is the cognitive, emotional, and physiological constellation of symptoms associated with this over-activated flight-or-flight system.

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Anxiety Signs and Symptoms

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  • Worry
  • Fear
  • Panic attacks

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  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Dizziness
  • Breathing rapidly

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  • Feeling stressed
  • Feeling on edge or restless
  • Difficulty sleeping

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  • Heart palpitations (e.g., rapid heart beat)
  • Avoiding people, places, and/or situations
  • Feeling tired or fatigue

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Anxiety Disorders 

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Generalized anxiety disorder

Generalized anxiety is marked by persistent worry and anxiety that is difficult to control and often experienced as all-consuming. People experiencing generalized anxiety are often described as being “worriers” and fear the worst will happen in seemingly all situations. Generalized anxiety disorder is also characterized by the presence of several physiological symptoms such as poor sleep, restlessness, and fatigue.[/text_output]

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Social anxiety disorder (social phobia)

Social anxiety is characterized by an intense fear or discomfort in social situations where one might be evaluated, judged, and/or criticized by others. Performance anxiety is a form of social anxiety and can include anything from fear of speaking in public to anxiety surrounding taking a test at school.  Individuals experiencing social anxiety disorder often avoid going certain places or doing things in order to avoid potential embarrassment even if they “know” their fear is irrational.

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Separation anxiety disorder

It is natural for a toddler or small child to cling to their parent when fearful of new situations or people.  This typically diminishes over time as the child is introduced to more people and their confidence increases. For some children this fear persists and becomes more impacting on their daily lives.  What may seem like an over reaction, can be an intense fear that overshadows their ability to pay attention in class, make it difficult to engage in normal peer activity, or to tolerate be away from their parents.

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Panic disorder

While “panic attacks” are commonly experienced by individual facing any anxiety, panic disorder is characterized by a persistent fear of  losing control and/or having additional panic attacks. People with panic disorder will often avoid certain situations that might trigger a panic attack and in extreme cases may not leave their home for extended periods of time (this is know as agoraphobia).[/text_output]

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Specific phobias

The essential feature of a specific phobia is a persistent, irrational fear of, and compelling desire to avoid, specific objects or situations. This kind of phobia is characterized by a relatively specific target such as an object or situation.  Common specific phobias include animals, germs, or natural disasters.

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Anxiety Treatment

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Medication
Certain medications such as antidepressants (e.g., SSRIs) and anti-anxiety medications (e.g., benzodiazepines) are commonly used to treat anxiety and like psychotherapy have been proven to be effective. Most anti-anxiety medications are effective for short-term relief from intense anxiety symptoms,  primarily those associated with physiological arousal (e.g., shortness of breath, rapid heat beat, etc.).

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Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the most researched and scientifically proven psychotherapy for treating anxiety adult men and women. CBT is a very practical and easy to understand treatment approach that emphasizes the here-and-now and the development of effective coping skills and strategies. In adults, most therapies for anxiety are grounded on exposure-based treatments which involve the gradual, systematic confronting of anxiety-provoking stimuli in order to promote habituation (i.e., becoming desensitized to).

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Adult Anxiety Therapists 

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[image link=”true” src=”6476″ alt=”Connie Lancaster, LPC – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist” href=”http://www.themindlygroup.com/connie-lancaster-lpc/” title=”Connie Lancaster, LPC – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist”][custom_headline level=”h6″ looks_like=”h6″]

Connie Lancaster, LPC 

[/custom_headline][image link=”true” src=”5694″ alt=”John von der Lehr, LCSW – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist” href=”http://www.themindlygroup.com/john-von-der-lehr-raleigh-therapist-2/” title=”John von der Lehr, LCSW – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist”][custom_headline level=”h6″ looks_like=”h6″]

John von der Lehr, LCSW 

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[image link=”true” src=”6404″ alt=”Jessica Faison, LMFTA – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist” href=”http://www.themindlygroup.com/jessica-faison-lmfta/” title=”Jessica Faison, LMFTA – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist”][custom_headline level=”h6″ looks_like=”h6″]

Jessica Faison, LMFTA 

[/custom_headline][image link=”true” src=”5638″ alt=”Jennifer Freifeld, LCSW – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist” href=”http://www.themindlygroup.com/jennifer-freifeld-lcsw/” title=”Jennifer Freifeld, LCSW – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist”][custom_headline level=”h6″ looks_like=”h6″]

Jennifer Freifeld, LCSW

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[image link=”true” src=”5912″ alt=”Renee Smusz, LCSW – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist” href=”http://www.themindlygroup.com/renee-smusz-lcsw/” title=”Renee Smusz, LCSW – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist”][custom_headline level=”h6″ looks_like=”h6″]

Renee Smusz, LCSW 

[/custom_headline][image link=”true” src=”4758″ alt=”Laura Pond, LPC – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist” href=”www.themindlygroup.com/laura-pond-ma-lpc/” title=”Laura Pond, LPC – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist”][custom_headline level=”h6″ looks_like=”h6″]

Laura Pond, LPC 

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[image link=”true” src=”6023″ alt=”Barbara Garrett, LCSW – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist” href=”www.themindlygroup.com/barbara-garrett-lcsw/” title=”Barbara Garrett, LCSW – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist”][custom_headline level=”h6″ looks_like=”h6″]

Barbara Garrett, LCSW

[/custom_headline][image link=”true” src=”7156″ href=”http://www.themindlygroup.com/christine-hogan-lpc/” title=”Christine Hogan, LPC, LCAS”][custom_headline level=”h6″ looks_like=”h6″]

Christine Hogan, LPC 

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[image link=”true” src=”5913″ alt=”John Schulze, LPC – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist” href=”www.themindlygroup.com/john-schulze-lpc/” title=”John Schulze, LPC – Raleigh Adult Anxiety Therapist”][custom_headline level=”h6″ looks_like=”h6″]

John Schulze, LPC

[/custom_headline][image link=”true” src=”6383″ alt=”Marta Jackson, LPC” href=”http://www.themindlygroup.com/marta-jackson-lpc/” title=”Marta Jackson, LPC”][custom_headline level=”h6″ looks_like=”h6″]

Marta Jackson, LPC 

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Mindly Healthy Lifestyle Tips 

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